This book describes a private collection of ancient gems (plain and engraved), finger rings, and seal boxes (565 items in all) - all of them random surface finds, picked up by Yochanan Hendler in the period 1950-1970, on the dunes and coastal strip within a radius of 2-3 kilometers around Caesarea Maritima in Israel. The finds, which span the 1500-year history of the ancient city, are all illustrated by state-of-the-art colour photographs.
The detailed description and in-depth analysis of the finds, by two internationally known specialists, explains the part played by these objects in the cultural and economic life of the city. It provides a unique view of how the inhabitants of Caesarea lived, dressed and decorated themselves, of the gods they worshipped, and of the ills, dangers and terrors from which they sought divine protection.
CHAPTER II - PLAIN GEMS
From the third century C.E., the practice of sealing documents and packages with wax declined. Wax seals were eventually replaced, almost entirely, by seals of lead. The production of engraved gems was greatly diminished, being limited largely to gems of magical content, or those of a purely decorative nature. Plain gems, on the other hand, were produced in much greater quantities. Most of these were set in rings; however, the practice of settting precious stones in other forms of jewellery (brooches, pendants, earrings), household objects (caskets, bowls), and articles and accessories of dress (belts, gloves, etc.) became widespread, particularly in Byzantine times. Semi-precious stones, and coloured glass imitations of them, were used. This chapter is about the different types of plain stones, and glass imitations of stones, which were used in this manner.
CHAPTER V: WORKSHOPS
Though articles of jewellery have been found in plenty at Caesarea, no tangible remains of workshops have so far been uncovered, to show that at least some of the jewellery found was manufactured locally. The Hendler Collection includes a number of objects whose presence affords clear evidence of the existence of local workshops, for the manufacture of finished gems and jewellery. There are a large number of unfinished, partially worked pieces of various gemstones and of glass, and several stone moulds for casting pieces of jewellery. From the examination and analysis of these, the authors are able to conclude that at Caesarea, there flourished industries for the manufacture of glass objects, and for the working of metals and precious stones, and that the various branches of these industries were able to work in close cooperation, to produce jewellery of many kinds.
Shua Amorai-Stark is an Emeritus Professor of Art History and Art Education at Kaye College of Education, Beer-Sheba, Israel, where she served as Head of the Department of Art, and where she is currently a member of the College Senate. She holds an M.A. in Art History from the Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London, and a Ph.D. in Ancient Art History and Comparative Religion from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She is a researcher of ancient art, specializing in glyptic, jewels, and other small finds. She is the author of several books and numerous articles on ancient art.
Malka Hershkovitz is an Emeritus Senior Archaeologist at the Institute of Archaeology, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and at the Hebrew Union College, Jerusalem. She has excavated at many sites in Israel, and collaborated with Professor Yigael Yadin at Masada and with Professor Avraham Biran at Tel-Dan, where she acted as head of registration, identification, and research. She is the author of many articles on the material culture of the Second Temple period and of Imperial Roman times.
Publisher: Shay Hendler, P.O.Box 1545, Zikhron Ya'akov 30900, Israel.
Publication date: 2016
Binding: Hard Cover
Pages: 541 (acid free)
Dimensions 315 x 240 x 42 mm
Shipping Weight: 3.1 kg.
Price: 320$ (Free Shipping)